Newsletter Parashat Devarim – Shabbat Chazon – Tisha BeAv – Summer Holidays

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Tisha BeAv 
Times
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Remember
Motzae Shabbat
(1) At Motzae Shabbat say Hamavdil
(2) Change clothes & shoes
(Arbit will be slightly later)
(3) Come to the Bet Hakeneset
(4) No havdala at home
(i) if unwell follow the halachot of a sick person on Tisha BeAv
(5) Meore Haesh said in the Bet Hakeneset
before Megilat Echa

Sunday
End of the fast
(1) before eating say Havdala  
reciting the Berachot on
(a)  Bore Peri Hagefen
(b) Hamavdil Ben Kodesh LeChol
NO
(i) Besamim – spices
(ii) Ner – candlelight
***********
Moorlanenews 
will be having a break for the next few weeks
return in time for Elul & Selichot
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Amud Yomi every morning
Masechet Berachot
Come and learn before Shacharit
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TONIGHT
live on Zoom
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לוח זמני תפלה לקיץ תשפ״א

Summer Timetable 5781 – 2021

מוצאי שבת

ערבית

)מוצ”ש(

סוף זמן קראת שמע

זמן
שבת

פלג מנחה (תה״ד)

פלג מנחה (לבוש)

מנחה וקבלת שבת

תאריך

שבת פרשת

Shabbat

Ends

Arbit

Shema to be read before

Candles to be
lit by

 

Earliest Candle lighting

Minha & Kabbalat Shabbat*

Date

Parasha

PM

PM

AM

PM

PM

PM

PM

 

 

10:37

Fast begins: 9:26

ערבית: 10:50

9:08

9:13

8:27

7:46

7:30

16/17 July

דברים 

(שבת חזון)

10:24

10:20

9:13

9:04

8:18

7:39

7:20

23/24 July

ואתחנן (שבת נחמו)

10:09

10:05

9:19

8:53

8:07

7:30

7:10

30/31 Jul

עקב

9:53

9:50

9:24

8:40

7:55

7:20

7:00

6/7 Aug

ראה  (ש''מ)

9:36

9:35

9:30

8:26

7:43

7:08

6:45

13/14 Aug

שופטים

********
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Please pray for the 
refua shelema of 
Sulcha bat Mazal
Shemuel Chaim ben Aiysha
Yaacov ben Chana Debora
*******
Youth Library Feb 21 Allowing books to be read in shul.gif
***********************
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Rabbi Yaakov Hillel – Straight from the Heart
*****
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Sephardic World
*************
Q & A Parashat Devarim
  1. How do we see from the beginning of Parshat Devarim that Moshe was concerned for the Jewish Peoples honor?
    1:1 Moshe mentions only the names of the places where the Jewish People sinned, but does not mention the sins themselves.
  2. How much time elapsed between leaving Mt. Sinai and sending the spies?
    1:2 – 40 days.
  3. Moshe rebuked the Jewish People shortly before his death. From whom did he learn this?
    1:3 – From Yaakov, who rebuked his sons shortly before his death.
  4. Why did Moshe wait until he had smitten the Amorite kings before rebuking the Jewish People?
    1:4 So that no one could say, “What right has he to rebuke us; has he brought us into any part of the Land as he promised?”
  5. What were some of the achievements that resulted from the Jewish People “dwelling” at Mt. Sinai?
    1:6 – They received the Torah, built the mishkan and all its vessels, appointed a Sanhedrin, and appointed officers.
  6. Why does the Torah single out the names of the avot in connection with the giving of the Land?
    1:8 – Each of the avot possessed sufficient merit for the Jewish People to inherit the Land.
  7. What did Moshe convey to the Jewish People by saying: “You today are like the stars of the Heavens”?
    1:10 – They are an eternal people, just as the sun, moon and stars are eternal.
  8. Apikorsim” (those who denigrate Talmud scholars) observed Moshes every move in order to accuse him. What did they observe, and what did they accuse him of?
    1:13 They observed the time he left home in the morning. If Moshe left early, they accused him of having family problems (which drove him from his home). If he left late, they accused him of staying home in order to plot evil against them.
  9. Moshe was looking for several qualities in the judges he chose. Which quality couldn't he find?
    1:15 – Men of understanding.
  10. Moshe told the judges, “The case that is too hard for you, bring it to me.” How was he punished for this statement?
    1:17 – When the daughters of Tzelofchad asked him a halachic question, the law was concealed from him.
  11. Why did Moshe describe the desert as great and frightful?
    1:19 – Because the Jewish People saw huge, frightening snakes and scorpions in the desert.
  12. Which tribe was not represented among the spies?
    1:23 – Levi.
  13. Which city did Calev inherit?
    1:36 – Hebron.
  14. How many kingdoms was Avraham promised? How many were conquered by Yehoshua?
    2:5 – Avraham was promised the land of ten kingdoms. Yehoshua conquered seven. The lands of Moav, Ammon and Esav will be received in the time of the mashiach.
  15. Why were the Jewish People forbidden to provoke Ammon?
    2:9 – This was a reward for Lots younger daughter, the mother of Ammon, for concealing her fathers improper conduct.
  16. Why were the Jewish People not permitted to conquer the Philistines?
    2:23 – Because Avraham had made a peace treaty with Avimelech, King of the Philistines.
  17. How did Hashem instill the dread of the Jewish People into the nations of the world?
    2:25 – During the battle against Og, the sun stood still for the sake of the Jewish People, and the whole world saw this.
  18. Why did Moshe fear Og?
    3:2 – Og possessed merit for having once helped Avraham.
  19. Who was instrumental in destroying the Refaim?
    3:11 – Amrafel.
  20. What was the advantage of Reuven and Gad leading the way into battle?
    3:18 – They were mighty men, and the enemy would succumb to them.
*****

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Halachot from Maran Rabbi Ovadia Yosef Ztz'l

דין סעודה
מפסקת בשנה זו 

ערב תשעה באב, אסרו חכמים לאכול בשר ולשתות יין
בסעודה המפסקת, (היא הסעודה שאוכל לפני תחילת הצום, אחר חצות היום). וכן אסרו
לאכול שני תבשילים בסעודה המפסקת, וישנם כמה פרטי דינים בזה. אולם בשנה זו  שתענית תשעה באב תחול ביום ראשון, נמצא שערב תשעה באב חל ביום השבת,
ולפיכך, מפני כבוד שבת
,
שאסור לנהוג בה דיני אבלות, אמרו
חכמים שבסעודה זו (שהיא סעודה שלישית של שבת קודם תחילת התענית), אוכל אדם ושותה
כל צרכו, “ומעלה על שולחנו אפילו כסעודת שלמה בשעתו
“.

ובדברי הפוסקים מצאנו בביאור דברי רבותינו שני
פירושים, שיש אומרים שמה שאמרו רבותינו שאדם מעלה על שולחנו אפילו כסעודת שלמה
בשעתו, אין הכוונה בזה שאסור להמנע ממאכלי בשר ושתיית יין ביום השבת, אלא שאם רוצה
אדם לאכול בשר ויין בסעודה זו, רשאי לעשות כן, אבל בכל זאת ראוי להימנע מאכילת בשר
ושתית יין וכדומה בסעודה מפסקת אף על פי שהיא חלה ביום שבת, וזאת מפני אסונינו
הגדול בחורבן הבית
.

אבל לדעת רוב רבותינו הראשונים, פירוש דברי
רבותינו הוא כפשוטם, שאין להמנע מאכילת בשר ושתיית יין ביום שבת אף בסעודה המפסקת,
מפני כבוד השבת. ובספר שבלי הלקט
(לרבינו צדקיה בן רבי אברהם הרופא שחי לפני
כשמונה מאות שנה בעיר רומא שבאיטליה), הביא תשובת רבינו קלונימוס איש רומי שהשיב
לרבי יקר, שאם חל תשעה באב ביום ראשון התירו הגאונים לאכול בשר ולשתות יין בסעודה
המפסקת
, מפני כבוד שבת, ואין צריך לשנות שולחנו בשבת,
ובלבד שיש לו לישב בדאבת נפש שלא לנהוג בשמחה
.

וכן יש לנהוג להלכה ולמעשה, שבסעודה מפסקת שחלה
ביום שבת, כמו בשנה זו , אין להימנע מאכילת בשר וכדומה (וכן מותר לשיר
זמירות שבת בסעודה זו מפני כבוד השבת
)

The Laws of the Last Meal Before the Fast of Tisha Be’av
This Year 

On Erev Tisha Be’av, our Sages prohibited eating meat and
drinking wine during the last meal before the onset of the fast of Tisha Be’av
held after halachic midday. They likewise forbade eating two cooked foods
during this meal. Nevertheless, this year, since the fast of Tisha Be’av
is observed on Sunday, “Erev Tisha Be’av” will thus coincide with Shabbat.
Thus, in honor of Shabbat during which observance of mourning customs is
forbidden, our Sages said that during this meal (which is actually Seuda
Shelishit
, the third Shabbat meal and the last meal before the fast) one
may eat and drink one’s fill and “one may serve on his table like a feast of
King Solomon during his reign.”

Among the Rishonim, we find two different ways to explain
this statement of our Sages: Some explain that when they said that “one may
serve on his table like a feast of King Solomon during his reign,” this does
not mean that one may not abstain from eating meat and drinking wine; rather,
if one wishes, one may eat meat and drink wine during this meal. It is
nevertheless preferable to abstain from eating meat and drinking wine during
the last meal before the fast of Tisha Be’av even when Erev Tisha Be’av falls
out on Shabbat in commemoration of the great tragedy of the destruction of the
Bet Hamikdash.

On the other hand, most Rishonim explain that one should
not abstain from eating meat and drinking wine on Shabbat, even during the last
meal before the fast of Tisha Be’av, in honor of Shabbat. The Sefer Shiboleh
Ha’Leket (authored by Rabbeinu Tzidkiyah ben Rabbi Avraham Ha’Rofeh who lived
in Rome approximately eight hundred years ago) quotes a responsa by Rabbeinu
Klonimus of Rome who wrote to Rabbeinu Yakar that if Tisha Be’av falls out on
Sunday, the Geonim permitted one to eat meat and drink wine during the last
meal before the fast in honor of Shabbat. One need not spare anything from
one’s table as long as one sits and eats solemnly and does not act joyfully.

The Halacha indeed follows this opinion that during the
last meal before the fast of Tisha Be’av which is held on Shabbat as is the
case this year, one should not abstain from eating meat and the like (one
may likewise sing Shabbat songs during this meal in honor of Shabbat).

Newsletter Parashat Matot – Mase – Shabbat Rosh Chodesh Ab Rachman

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Have a look at our website www.moorlane.info 
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Rosh Chodesh 
Ab Rachman
is 
THIS 
Shabbat
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Please pray for the 
refua shelema of 
Sulcha bat Mazal
Shemuel Chaim ben Aiysha
Yaacov ben Chana Debora
*******
Youth Library Feb 21 Allowing books to be read in shul.gif
***********************
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**************
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Rabbi Yaakov Hillel – Straight from the Heart
*****
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Sephardic World
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********

לוח זמני תפלה לקיץ תשפ״א

Summer Timetable 5781 – 2021

מוצאי שבת

ערבית

)מוצ”ש(

סוף זמן קראת שמע

זמן
שבת

פלג מנחה (תה״ד)

פלג מנחה (לבוש)

מנחה וקבלת שבת

תאריך

שבת פרשת

Shabbat

Ends

Arbit

Shema to be read before

Candles to be
lit by

 

Earliest Candle lighting

Minha & Kabbalat Shabbat*

Date

Parasha

PM

PM

AM

PM

PM

PM

PM

 

 

10:48

10:45

9:03

9:20

8:34

7:52

7:30

9/10 July

מטות־מסעי

)
רח(

For those not in the Bet Hakeneset, but wishing to bring in Shabbat with the Kahal, candles should be lit about 30 minutes after the time listed for Minha and Kabbalat Shabbat. (Unless the time listed in the ‘latest candle lighting’ column is earlier, when candles should be lit by that time, in all cases.

*****
Q & A Parashat Matot – Mase

Matot

  1. Who may annul a vow?
    30:2 – Preferably, an expert in the laws of nedarim. Otherwise, three ordinary people.
  2. When may a father annul his widowed daughter's vows?
    30:10 – If she is under 12 1/2 years old and widowed before she was fully married.
  3. Why were the Jewish People not commanded to attack Moav, as they were to attack Midian?
    31:2 – Because Moav only acted out of fear against the Jewish People. Also, Ruth was destined to come from Moav.
  4. Those selected to fight Midian went unwillingly. Why?
    31:5 – They knew that Moshe's death would follow.
  5. What holy vessels accompanied the Jewish People into battle?
    31:6 – The aron and the tzitz.
  6. Those who killed in the war against Midian were required to remain outside the”machane” (camp). Which machane?
    31:19 – The Machane Shechina.
  7. Besides removing traces of forbidden food, what else is needed to make metal vessels obtained from a non-Jew fit for a Jewish owner?
    31:23 – Immersion in a mikve.
  8. “We will build sheep-pens here for our livestock and cities for our little ones.” What was improper about this statement?
    32:16 – They showed more regard for their property than for their children.
  9. During the conquest of the Land, where did Bnei Gad and Bnei Reuven position themselves?
    32:17 – At the head of the troops.
  10. What promise did Bnei Gad and Bnei Reuven make beyond that which Moshe required?
    32:24 – Moshe required them to remain west of the Jordan during the conquest of the Land. They promised to remain after the conquest until the Land was divided among the tribes.

Masei

  1. Why does the Torah list the places where the Jewish People camped?
    33:1 – To show G-d's love of the Jewish People. Although it was decreed that they wander in the desert, they did not travel continuously. During 38 years, they moved only 20 times.
  2. Why did the King of Arad feel at liberty to attack the Jewish People?
    33:40 – When Aharon died, the clouds of glory protecting the Jewish People departed.
  3. What length was the camp in the midbar?
    33:49 – Twelve mil (one mil is 2,000 amot).
  4. Why does the Torah need to specify the boundaries that are to be inherited by the Jewish People?
    34:2 – Because certain mitzvot apply only in the Land.
  5. What was the nesi'im's role in dividing the Land?
    34:17 – Each nasi represented his tribe. He also allocated the inheritance to each family in his tribe.
  6. When did the three cities east of the Jordan begin to function as refuge cities?
    35:13 – After Yehoshua separated three cities west of the Jordan.
  7. There were six refuge cities, three on each side of the Jordan. Yet, on the east side of the Jordan there were only two and a half tribes. Why did they need three cities?
    35:14 – Because murders were more common there.
  8. To be judged as an intentional murderer, what type of weapon must the murderer use?
    35:16 – One capable of inflicting lethal injury.
  9. Why is the kohen gadol blamed for accidental deaths?
    35:25 – He should have prayed that such things not occur.
  10. When an ancestral field moves by inheritance from one tribe to another, what happens to it in Yovel?
    36:4 – It remains with the new tribe.
*****

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Halachot from Maran Rabbi Ovadia Yosef Ztz'l

אכילת בשר
מראש חודש אב

מבואר במשנה במסכת תענית (דף כו:) שגזרו חכמים,
שבערב תשעה באב, דהיינו בסעודה המפסקת, שהיא הסעודה האחרונה שאוכל לפני התענית,
אין לאכול בשר, וכן אין לשתות יין, ולא יאכל אדם שני תבשילין, כגון אורז וביצה
וכדומה, אלא תבשיל אחד בלבד
.

ומבואר מן הדברים כי אין איסור מן הדין באכילת
בשר אלא בסעודה המפסקת בלבד ומכל מקום נהגו ישראל שלא לאכול בשר כלל, מיום ראש
חודש אב ועד יום עשירי באב
.
ומנהגים אלו נזכרו כבר בדברי
הגאונים ורבותינו הראשונים, ופשטו בכל ישראל
. ואין חילוק בין
בשר בהמה לבשר עוף, שבכל אופן אסור לאכלו, ואפילו תבשיל שנתבשל עם בשר, כגון מרק,
אף על פי שהוציאו ממנו את הבשר, אין לשתות ממנו
, מפני טעם הבשר
שיש בו. אבל דגים אינם בכלל האיסור ומותר לאכלם
.  

אכילת בשר ביום ראש חודש וביום עשירי באב
מנהג הספרדים להקל באכילת בשר ביום
ראש חודש אב עצמו, כפי שביארנו בהלכה הקודמת, אבל האשכנזים נוהגים להחמיר אף ביום
ראש חודש אב. ובזה הספרדים מיקלים יותר מהאשכנזים. ולעומת זאת לגבי אכילת בשר ביום
עשירי באב, מנהג הספרדים להחמיר שלא לאכול בשר ביום עשירי באב כולו, ולמנהג
האשכנזים יש להקל באכילת בשר ושתיית יין מיום עשירי באב אחר חצות היום
.

מנהג התימנים בענין אכילת בשר
מנהג אחינו בני תימן, בכל ארצות
תימן, שלא היו נמנעים מאכילת בשר ושתיית יין, אלא בסעודה מפסקת של ערב תשעה באב,
שכן הוא עיקר דין התלמוד. אולם עתה שזכו לעלות לארץ ישראל, וכאן המנהג פשוט להחמיר
בזה בכל תשעת הימים, כתב מרן רבינו עובדיה יוסף זצוק”ל, שעליהם לנהוג בזה
כמנהג ארץ ישראל, ואסור לפרוץ גדר בזה, ובפרט שכאן ניכר יותר ענין החורבן, שרואים
עין בעין מקום חורבן הבית, ואז בודאי שייך יותר לנהוג איסור בדבר. (חזון עובדיה
עמוד קע
).

אכילת בשר בערב שבת
בשבתות שבתוך תשעת הימים, אוכלים
בשר, ומותר לטעום בערב שבת מהתבשילים שיש בהם בשר כדי לתקן את המאכל (כגון להוסיף
מלח וכדומה) ויש מיקלים לטעום מן המאכלים של שבת אף שלא לצורך, לפי שעל פי דברי
המקובלים יש ענין גדול לטעום ממאכלי השבת, ומרן רבינו עובדיה יוסף זצוק”ל כתב
שיש להקל בזה, ומכל מקום המחמיר תבוא עליו ברכה
.

אכילת בשר שנותר משבת
כתב מרן רבינו זצוק”ל, שאם
נשאר בשר מן המאכלים שבשלו לכבוד שבת, מותר לאכול מהם במוצאי שבת ב”סעודה
רביעית” שהיא הסעודה שאוכלים במוצאי שבת. והמיקל לאכול מבשר זה שנשאר מסעודת
שבת אף בשאר ימות השבוע, יש לו על מה שיסמוך, ולקטנים שלא הגיעו לגיל מצוות יש
להקל באכילת בשר שנשאר משבת אף בימות החול. (אך בתנאי שלא יבשל לכתחילה כמות גדולה
לשבת בכדי שישאר לו בשר לימות החול). ולילדים קטנים מאוד שאינם מבינים כלל את משמעות
חורבן הבית, מותר לתת אף לכתחילה בשר בימים אלו
, ומותר לבשל עבורם
בשר בשבוע זה שחל בו תשעה באב
.

אדם חלש הזקוק לאכילת בשר
חולה, אף על פי שאין בו סכנה, מותר
לו לאכול בשר בימים אלו. וכן יולדת תוך שלושים יום ללידתה מותרת באכילת בשר. וכן
מינקת שהתינוק שלה חלש, ואם תמנע מאכילת בשר יוכל הדבר להשפיע לרעה על בריאות
הילד, מותרת באכילת בשר. וכן מעוברת שסובלת הרבה בהריונה יש להקל לה לאכול בשר
בימים אלו. אבל אדם בריא שאוכל בשר בזמן שנוהגים בו איסור, גדול עוונו מנשוא, והרי
הוא פורץ גדר, ועונשו גדול

Eating Meat Following Rosh Chodesh Av

The Mishnah in Masechet Ta’anit (26b) tells us that on
Erev Tisha Be’av during the last meal one eats before the fast, one may not eat
meat, drink wine, or eat two cooked foods, such as rice and an egg. Although
the letter of the law dictates that the prohibition to eat meat only applies
during the last meal one eats before the fast of Tisha Be’av, nevertheless, the
custom of the Jewish nation is to abstain from eating meat from Rosh Chodesh Av
until the Tenth of Av. These customs have already been mentioned by the Geonim
and early Poskim and have been accepted by the Jewish people. There is no
distinction between meat and chicken, as it is prohibited to consume any of
them. Even a food cooked with meat, for instance a soup cooked with meat,
should not be eaten even after the meat has been removed, due to its meat
flavor. Fish is not included in this prohibition and is permitted to be eaten.

Eating Meat on Rosh Chodesh and on the Tenth of Av
The Sephardic custom is to permit eating meat on the day of Rosh Chodesh
itself, as we have explained in the previous Halacha; Ashkenazim customarily
forbid this even on the day of Rosh Chodesh. Regarding this aspect, Sephardim
are more lenient than Ashkenazim. On the other hand, regarding eating meat on
the Tenth of Av, the Sephardic custom is to prohibit eating meat during the
entire day of the Tenth of Av (i.e. until sunset of the Tenth of Av), whereas
the Ashkenazi custom is to permit consumption of meat and wine following
halachic mid-day of the Tenth of Av.

The Yemenite Custom Regarding Eating Meat
The custom of Yemenite Jews was to only abstain from eating meat and drinking
wine during the meal immediately preceding the fast of Tisha Be’av; however,
they would not abstain from doing so during the other days of the month of Av,
in accordance with the letter of the law of the Talmud. Nevertheless, now that
they have merited settling to Israel where the prevalent custom is to abstain
from this during the “Nine Days,” Maran Rabbeinu zt”l writes that they
should accept upon themselves the local custom and they may not act
differently. This is especially true since the destruction of the holy Temple
is felt in Israel more than in other places, for the location of the
destruction is clearly visible for all to see and it is thus certainly
befitting to act stringently in this matter.

Eating Meat on Erev Shabbat
On Shabbatot within the “Nine Days”, one should certainly eat meat. On may also
act leniently and taste meat dishes on Erev Shabbat to see if the dish requires
any improvement (such as more salt and the like). Some say that one may be
lenient to taste from such Shabbat dishes even when it is not necessary to do
so, for according to the Mekubalim, it is important to taste Shabbat dishes on
Erev Shabbat. Maran Rabbeinu Ovadia Yosef zt”l writes that one may be
lenient regarding this matter; however, one who acts stringently is truly
praiseworthy.

Meat Left Over from Shabbat
Maran Rabbeinu zt”l writes that if some meat is left over from dishes
that were cooked in honor of Shabbat, one may partake of this meat on Motza’ei
Shabbat during “Seuda Revi’it” (the fourth meal of Shabbat which is
eaten upon the conclusion of Shabbat). This is especially true if one regularly
eats meat during “Seuda Revi’it.” One who is lenient and partakes of meat
left over from dishes cooked in honor of Shabbat even during the other days of
the week indeed has on whom to rely. Regarding minors who have not yet reached
Bar/Bat Mitzvah age, they may be lenient and partake of such leftover meat on
other weekdays as well. (All this applies only when one did not intentionally
cook a large amount for Shabbat in order for there to be leftovers for during
the week.) Regarding young children who do not comprehend the matter of the
destruction of the Bet Hamikdash at all, one may feed them meat during these
days and one may even cook meat for them during the week during which Tisha
Be’av falls out.

An Individual who is Weak and Needs to Eat Meat
One who is ill, even with a non-life-threatening illness, may eat meat during these
days. Similarly, a woman who is within thirty days of giving birth may eat meat
during these days. Furthermore, if a woman is nursing a weak child and
abstaining from eating meat could possibly impact the health of the baby, she
may eat meat during this time. Similarly, a pregnant woman who suffers very
much during her pregnancy may act leniently and eat meat during these days.
However, if a healthy individual eats meat during this period when everyone
else customarily abstains from doing so, his sin is too great to bear, he is
considered a “fence-breacher,” and he shall be severely punished.

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