Newsletter – Parashat Lech Lecha

Announcements

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Invitation

With praise and immense gratitude to

Hashem Yitbarach

& with joy in our hearts

Family Toft

invite the whole congregation

to share in the celebration

of the Bar Mitzvah

&

Aliya LaTorah

of

יעקב ישי נ"י

THIS WEEK

Parshat Lech Lecha

פרשת לך־לך

Kiddush following Tefilah

Your presence will be very special to us

& will add greatly to our Simcha

Moorlanenews

would like to take this

opportunity to wish

יעקב ישי

and all his family

a very big Mazal Tov

on the wonderful occasion of

his Bar Mitzva

May Hashem shower His blessings over him

may he grow in

Torah Mitzvot Umaasim Tovim

&

be a source of Nachat to his

mother, grandmother, family friends and Kahal

**

AGM

TO ALL MEMBERS OF THE CONGREGATION

You are requested to attend the

ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING OF THE CONGREGATION

ON

SUNDAY 29th OCTOBER 2017

Arvit 7:30 pm

followed by meeting straight away

AGENDA

1. Minutes of the 2016 Annual General Meeting

2. Matters arising from the Minutes

3. Parnas Presidente’s Report

4. Adoption of the Report

5. Treasurer’s Report and Presentation of Accounts

6. Discussion and Adoption of Report

7. *Election of Hon Officers and Members of the Mahamad

a) Parnas Presidente

b) Parnas Vice Presidente

c) Treasurer

d) Gabbai

e) Hon. Secretary

f) Ladies Committee Chair

g) Mahamad

8. Election of delegates to:

a) Manchester Shechita Board

b) Manchester Jewish Rep Council

9. A.O.B.

Thank you in advance for attending – your support for this meeting is important.

On behalf of the Mahamad

***

Reminder

This Motzae Shabbat

we change the clocks BACK

to Wintertime

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SHABBAT

Shabbat Times

לוח זמני תפלה לחורףתשע"ח

Winter Timetable 5778 – 2017 / 18

מוצאי שבת

ערבית )מוצ"ש(

שקיעה

מנחה שבת

סוף זמן קריאת שמע

הדלקת נרות

מנחה

וקבלת שבת

תאריך

שבת פרשת

Shabbat

Ends

Arbit Sunset Minha Shema before Candle Lighting Minha & Kabalat Shabbat Date Parasha
PM PM PM PM AM PM PM
6:35 6:30 5:43 5:00 10:26 5:31 5:30 27/28 Oct

לך לך

Shabbat Services

Children’s Service From 10:20 am Every Shabbat morning

Children’s Tehilim straight after Musaf

Anyone wishing to donate a Kiddush Please email Moorlanenews

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Q & A on Parashat Lech Lecha

All references are to the verses and Rashi’s commentary, unless otherwise stated.

  1. What benefits did G-d promise Avraham if he would leave his home?
    12:1 – He would become a great nation, his excellence would become known to the world, and he would be blessed with wealth.
  2. "And all the families of the earth will be blessed through you." What does this mean?
    12:3 – A person will say to his child, "You should be like Avraham."
  3. Who were the souls that Avraham and Sarah "made?"
    12:5 – People they converted to the worship of G-d.
  4. What were the Canaanites doing in the Land of Canaan when Avraham arrived?
    12:6 – They were in the process of conquering the land from the descendants of Shem.
  5. Why did Avraham build an altar at Ai?
    12:8 – He foresaw the Jewish People’s defeat there in the days of Yehoshua due to Achans sin. He built an altar to pray for them.
  6. What two results did Avraham hope to achieve by saying that Sarah was his sister?
    12:13 – That the Egyptians would not kill him, and would give him presents.
  7. Why did Avraham’s shepherds rebuke Lot’s shepherds?
    13:7 Lot’s shepherds grazed their flocks in privately owned fields.
  8. Who was Amrafel and why was he called that?
    14:1 – Amrafel was Nimrod. He said (amar ) to Avraham to fall (fel ) into the fiery furnace.
  9. Verse 14:7 states that the four kings "smote all the country of the Amalekites". How is this possible, since Amalek had not yet been born?
    14:7 – The Torah uses the name that the place would bear in the future.
  10. Why did the "palit " tell Avraham of Lot’s capture?
    14:13- He wanted Avraham to die trying to save Lot so that he himself could marry Sarah.
  11. Who accompanied Avraham in battle against the four kings?
    14:14 – His servant, Eliezer.
  12. Why couldn’t Avraham chase the four kings past Dan?
    4:14 – He saw prophetically that his descendants would make a golden calf there, and as a result his strength failed.
  13. Why did Avraham give "ma’aser " specifically to Malki-Tzedek?
    14:20 – Because Malki-Tzedek was a kohen.
  14. Why didn’t Avraham accept any money from Sodom’s king?
    14:23 – G-d had promised Avraham wealth, and Avraham didn’t want Sodom’s King to say, "I made Avraham wealthy."
  15. When did the decree of 400 years of exile begin?
    15:13 – With the birth of Yitzchak.
  16. What did G-d indicate with His promise that Avraham would "come to his ancestors in peace"?
    15:15 – That his father, Terach, would repent and become righteous.
  17. How did G-d fulfill His promise that Avraham would be buried in "a good old age"?
    15:15 – Avraham lived to see his son Yishmael repent and become righteous, and he died before his grandson Esav became wicked.
  18. Why did the Jewish People need to wait until the fourth generation until they returned to Eretz Canaan?
    15:16 – They needed to wait until the Amorites had sinned sufficiently to deserve expulsion.
  19. Who was Hagar’s father?
    16:1 – Pharaoh.
  20. Why did Avraham fall on his face when G-d appeared to him?
    17:3 – Because he was as yet uncircumcised.

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Halachot from Maran Rabbi Ovadia Yosef Ztz’l

מאימתי מותר לשבת בחזרת התפילה?

בהלכה הקודמת ביארנו, שמעיקר הדין מותר לשבת בשעת חזרת התפילה שעל ידי השליח ציבור. כלומר, אחר תפילת העמידה שכל אחד ואחד מתפלל בעצמו, מותר לציבור לשבת, ואינם חייבים לעמוד במשך כל זמן החזרה.

אולם יש להבהיר, כי אין לשבת בחזרת התפלה, אלא לאחר שסיים השליח ציבור את ברכת "האל הקדוש". שכן כתב מרן השלחן ערוך (סימן קכג), שלאחר שמסיים כל אחד ואחד מן הציבור את תפילת הלחש, עליו לפסוע שלוש פסיעות לאחריו, ואז יעמוד במקומו ולא יזוז. ולא יחזור למקום שבו התפלל, אלא כאשר יגיע הציבור עם החזן לקדושה (נקדישך ונעריצך). שאז יחזור למקומו ויאמר את נוסח הקדושה כדין. ולאחר הקדושה ישאר במקומו, ויענה ברוך הוא וברוך שמו לברכת "האל הקדוש". ולאחר ברכה זו רשאי לשבת במקומו.

וכתב בספר תורת חיים, שיש לתמוה על מנהג ההמון שמיקלים בדבר זה, ומיד כשמסיימים תפילתם הם יושבים במקומותיהם, וכשמגיע שליח ציבור לקדושה הם עומדים. שמנהג זה עומד בניגוד למה שפסק מרן השלחן ערוך הנ"ל, שלכל הפחות חייבים לעמוד במקומם עד שיתחיל השליח ציבור את חזרת הש"ץ, שאז מותרים הם לחזור למקומם הראשון בשתיקה, ושם יענו לקדושה שבחזרת התפילה. ומן הראוי לעורר את לב העם לכך. עד כאן עיקר דבריו.

ומרן רבינו הקדוש רבי עובדיה יוסף זצ"ל (הכ"מ), גם בערוב ימיו, כשהיה חלש, ורגליו כואבות, היה עומד תמיד על מכונו, לאחר שסיים את התפלה, והיה ממתין לשליח ציבור עד אחר הקדושה. ורק אז היה מתיישב על מקומו.

ועוד יש להעיר, אודות מה שיש נוהגים, שבשעה שמגיע החזן לברכת "מודים", הם אינם עומדים במקומותיהם לעניית "מודים", אלא נשארים יושבים, ומסתפקים בקימה מועטת לעניית מודים. שמנהג זה אינו נכון, כי חובה עלינו לכרוע בשעת אמירת "מודים", וכאשר אדם יושב, הכריעה שהוא עושה אינה נחשבת כריעה מצד ההלכה, ולכן פסק מרן רבינו זצ"ל, שחייב כל אדם לעמוד בשעה שמגיע החזן לברכת מודים, כדי שיוכל לכרוע כדין וכפי מצות חכמים.

ואם הוא זקן או חולה שאינו יכול לעמוד אלא במאמץ גדול, יוכל להקל ולשבת מיד כשמסיים תפילתו, ועד עניית הקדושה, ולאחר מכן ישב עד אמירת מודים, ואז יענה מודים כשהוא יושב, ויכרע מעט כשהוא יושב. אבל אדם בריא, חייב לעמוד ממש, כדי שיוכל לכרוע כדין.

ולסיכום: כשמסיים אדם את תפילתו, עליו לפסוע שלוש פסיעות לאחריו. וישאר עומד במקומו עד שיגיע החזן לקדושה, שאז יחזור למקום בו עמד בתפילתו, ויענה לקדושה. וישאר עומד על מקומו עד סיום ברכת "האל הקדוש", ולאחר ברכת האל הקדוש רשאי מעיקר הדין לשבת במקומו, עד שיגיע החזן ל"מודים", ואז יעמוד ויכרע באמירת "מודים", ויוכל לחזור ולשבת בסיום אמירת "מודים".

At What Point During the Chazzan’s Repetition of the Amida May One be Seated?

In the previous Halacha we have explained that, according to the letter of the law, one may sit during the Chazzan’s repetition of the Amida. This means that after one has concluded one’s personal, silent Amida, the congregation may be seated and need not remain standing for the entire duration of the Chazzan’s repetition.

Nevertheless, we must point out that one may only be seated during the Chazzan’s repetition once the Chazzan has concluded the "Ha’El Ha’Kadosh" blessing. Indeed, Maran Ha’Shulchan Aruch (Chapter 123) states that when one concludes one’s silent Amida, one should take three steps back and then stand in that very same place and not move. One may only return to the original place one prayed (i.e. by taking three steps forward) when the Chazzan and congregation reach the Kedusha ("Nakdishach Ve’Na’aritzach") at which point one should return to one’s original place and recite Kedusha along with the congregation. After the Kedusha is concluded, one should remain standing in place until one has answered "Baruch Hu U’Varuch Shemo" and Amen to the "Ha’El Ha’Kadosh" blessing. Only at the conclusion of this blessing may one be seated.

The Sefer Torat Chaim wonders about the common custom that many have to be seated immediately upon concluding their silent Amida and then rise when the Chazzan reaches the Kedusha, for this custom is contrary to the ruling of Maran Ha’Shulchan Aruch who writes that one must remain in place at least until the Chazzan begins the repetition of the Amida, at which point one is permitted to return to one’s original place silently and recite the Kedusha along with the congregation. One should point this law out to as many people as possible.

Indeed, Maran Rabbeinu Ovadia Yosef zt"l would stand in place after having concluded his Amida prayer, even when he was advanced in age and his feet hurt, and he would only be seated once the Chazzan had concluded the Kedusha. Furthermore, another issue that must be addressed is that when the Chazzan reaches the "Modim" blessing, many individuals do not rise to recite "Modim"; rather, they do so while remaining seated and only having risen ever so slightly. This custom is incorrect, for one is obligated to bow while reciting "Modim" and any bowing exercised while seated has no halachic significance. It is for this reason that Maran zt"l that the entire congregation must rise when the Chazzan reaches the "Modim" blessing, in order to be able to bow in accordance with the edict of our Sages.

If one is elderly or infirm such that standing requires much strain and effort, one may be seated immediately upon concluding one’s silent Amida prayer until Kedusha is recited (at which point one must rise) and one may then be seated again upon conclusion of the Kedusha. When the Chazzan reaches "Modim", such a person may recite "Modim" while remaining seated, albeit by bowing while raising one’s body slightly. However, a healthy person must rise completely in order to be able to bow according to Halacha.

Summary: Upon concluding one’s silent Amida prayer, one must take three steps back and remain standing in that very place until the Chazzan reaches Kedusha, at which point one should take three steps forward and return to the place one had originally prayed in order to recite Kedusha along with the congregation. One must remain in this position until the Chazzan concludes the "Ha’El Ha’Kadosh" blessing, at which point one may, according to the letter of the law, be seated until the "Modim" blessing. When the Chazzan reaches the "Modim" blessing, one must rise, bow, and recite "Modim" after which one may once again be seated.

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During the week

Shiurim in our Bet Hakeneset

Shiurim / Topic Time Rabbi Venue Language For
Sunday ~ Thurday Chavruta learninig 6:45 – 7:30 pm Avrechim of the kolel more info:
Rabbi Stamler
Shul Hall Any Men
Monday Yedia Kelaliot 8:00 pm Shul Hall Ivrit Men
Tuesday Seed 1-2-1 learning 7:45 pm Contact Jonny Jacobs Shul Hall Any Men


Shabbat Shalom


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